www.accesskhas.ru


Useful Information

Some Very Useful Web.Sites

Some Facts about Dagestan

Some Facts About Dagestan ( 2)

Some Facts about Dagestan (3)

Some Facts about Dagestan (4)

For Teacher to Know

Future of Caucasus - Language Olympiad

English for Kids

Learn the Christmas Songs!

Olympiad "Future of the Caucasus-2012

American English - video

 Myths and Legends of Dagestan

Myths and Legends, Part II

English in a Minute

Tha Making of the American Nation


Our ID

My Personal Page

Who we are...

How We Use New Technologies

A Trip to Elista,  Kalmykia.

 We Celebrate American Holidays

"Home is Where Your Heart Is II

"Home Is where Your Heart Is".

"Home is Where Your Heart Is" III

Home is Where your Heart is -2011

Access in Action 2011-12

Russian Food in American School

New Friends in the Netherlands. 


Tolerance

Stories

Stories Told by My Students 

Videos

Videos - 2

Lessons in Kindness

Lessons in Kindness II

 American Musicians in Russia

Video conferenmce Samara -Khasavyurt


Library

 Additional Reading

Great American Writers

Great English Writers

Great American and English Actors

Other English-Speaking Countries

Great American Singers - Page 1

Great American Singers - Page 2

History of England and America


Publications

Articles

Reports

Alumni, state.gove about me


How We Spend our Free Time

Let's Dance and Sing

Dagestan is my Home -2010


Exploring America

TEA - 2004


Exploring the United Kingdom

Seminar in the Cold War Period


You Should Know This

Main Symbols of the Countries

Brief History of Russia


ACCESS - 2009

Our Working Days

New Students

Access Students in Orlyonok

Access Students in Orlyonok II


How We Explored Hawaii

Summer Institute, 2009

Get Acquainted with "Celebrate!"

Traditional Songs. HPU (1)

Traditional Songs. HPU (2) 

Traditional Songs. HPU (3)

Hawaii National Dances


Brush Up Your Grammar

Group Indefinite 

Group Continuous

Group Perfect

Group Perfect Continuous

Prepositions

  Other Grammar Phenomena

Continuation


American Slang

Informal English I

Informal English II


VOA special programs

Words and Their Stories


ACCESS -2011-13

New Students

Getting to know your Kindle


Exploring American Countryside, Summer 2011.

History of State Maine

Visiting Searsmont, Maine

Exploring Maine

Washington DC

 Visiting the Capitol

New York


Access 2013-15

New Students 


Полезная информация




English Access Microscholarship Program The U.S. State Department's English Access Microscholarship Program provides a foundation of English language skills to non-elite, 14 - 18 year old students worldwide through afterschool classes and intensive summer learning activities. Access students gain an appreciation for American culture and democratic values, increase their ability to participate successfully in the socio-economic development of their countries, and gain the ability to compete for and participate in future U.S. exchange and study programs. Access school in the city of Khasavyurt in the Republic of Dagestan was open for the students from city schools from the families with low income or having many children. It is situated in the building of Gymnasium # 1 and has regular classes two times a week. We try to combine studies and leisure. 

Seven years have passed and what are our achievements? We were a good team with the first group. We have got many new friends  in the U.S.A., Access Pakistan, Ballad Ul Ilm School in Lahore, Mexico, India, South Korea, Nepal, Croatia, Malasya, etc. with whom we have regulard video-conferences,  With the students from Elista, Kalmikya, we met and became friends in the summer of 2008 during our participation in the seminar organized by the English Language Office of the Embassy of the U.S.A. to the Russian Federation. It was devoted to a very important topic – TOLERANCE. And the highlight of the program was a workshop given by the American writer Myrtis Mixon who taught the students to write stories on tolerance.

Many of our school leavers study English professionally. The first group was very capable. They participated in the program "Lessons in Kindness ". Nine of their stories about tolerance were published in the book. The second group was very active in on line activities. They held many video conferences with Belfast High Areal School, with the students from India, Pakistan, Malaysia. With them we had a good time in  children's camp"Orlyonok".  All the participants of the third group of leavers enterd the Higher Institutions in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Pyatigorsk and Makhachkala. 

                           ACCESS GROUP 2013- 15 

                  Students with me, Idikova Daisis and Alishbiev Whoseyn


News
2014-10-12
Halloween

Halloween is a holiday celebrated on the night of October 31. The word Halloween is a shortening of All Hallows' Evening also known as Hallowe'en or All Hallows' Eve.

Traditional activities include trick-or-treating, bonfires, costume parties, visiting "haunted houses" and carving jack-o-lanterns. Irish and Scottish immigrants carried versions of the tradition to North America in the nineteenth century. Other western countries embraced the holiday in the late twentieth century including Ireland, the United States, Canada, Puerto Rico and the United Kingdom as well as of Australia and New Zealand.

Halloween has its origins in the ancient Celtic festival known as Samhain (pronounced "sah-win").
The festival of Samhain is a celebration of the end of the harvest season in Gaelic culture. Samhain was a time used by the ancient pagans to take stock of supplies and prepare for winter. The ancient Gaels believed that on October 31, the boundaries between the worlds of the living and the dead overlapped and the deceased would come back to life and cause havoc such as sickness or damaged crops.

The festival would frequently involve bonfires. It is believed that the fires attracted insects to the area which attracted bats to the area. These are additional attributes of the history of Halloween.

Masks and costumes were worn in an attempt to mimic the evil spirits or appease them.

Trick-or-treating, is an activity for children on or around Halloween in which they proceed from house to house in costumes, asking for treats such as confectionery with the question, "Trick or treat?" The "trick" part of "trick or treat" is a threat to play a trick on the homeowner or his property if no treat is given. Trick-or-treating is one of the main traditions of Halloween. It has become socially expected that if one lives in a neighborhood with children one should purchase treats in preparation for trick-or-treaters.

The history of Halloween has evolved. The activity is popular in the United States, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada, and due to increased American cultural influence in recent years, imported through exposure to US television and other media, trick-or-treating has started to occur among children in many parts of Europe, and in the Saudi Aramco camps of Dhahran, Akaria compounds and Ras Tanura in Saudi Arabia. The most significant growth and resistance is in the United Kingdom, where the police have threatened to prosecute parents who allow their children to carry out the "trick" element. In continental Europe, where the commerce-driven importation of Halloween is seen with more skepticism, numerous destructive or illegal "tricks" and police warnings have further raised suspicion about this game and Halloween in general.

In Ohio, Iowa, and Massachusetts, the night designated for Trick-or-treating is often referred to as Beggars Night.

Part of the history of Halloween is Halloween costumes. The practice of dressing up in costumes and begging door to door for treats on holidays goes back to the Middle Ages, and includes Christmas wassailing. Trick-or-treating resembles the late medieval practice of "souling," when poor folk would go door to door on Hallowmas (November 1), receiving food in return for prayers for the dead on All Souls Day (November 2). It originated in Ireland and Britain, although similar practices for the souls of the dead were found as far south as Italy. Shakespeare mentions the practice in his comedy The Two Gentlemen of Verona (1593), when Speed accuses his master of "puling [whimpering, whining], like a beggar at Hallowmas."

Yet there is no evidence that souling was ever practiced in America, and trick-or-treating may have developed in America independent of any Irish or British antecedent. There is little primary Halloween history documentation of masking or costuming on Halloween in Ireland, the UK, or America before 1900. The earliest known reference to ritual begging on Halloween in English speaking North America occurs in 1911, when a newspaper in Kingston, Ontario, near the border of upstate New York, reported that it was normal for the smaller children to go street guising (see below) on Halloween between 6 and 7 p.m., visiting shops and neighbors to be rewarded with nuts and candies for their rhymes and songs. Another isolated reference appears, place unknown, in 1915, with a third reference in Chicago in 1920. The thousands of Halloween postcards produced between the turn of the 20th century and the 1920s commonly show children but do not depict trick-or-treating. Ruth Edna Kelley, in her 1919 history of the holiday, The Book of Hallowe'en, makes no mention of such a custom in the chapter "Hallowe'en in America." It does not seem to have become a widespread practice until the 1930s, with the earliest known uses in print of the term "trick or treat" appearing in 1934, and the first use in a national publication occurring in 1939. Thus, although a quarter million Scots-Irish immigrated to America between 1717 and 1770, the Irish Potato Famine brought almost a million immigrants in 1845-1849, and British and Irish immigration to America peaked in the 1880s, ritualized begging on Halloween was virtually unknown in America until generations later.

Trick –or-treating spread from the western United States eastward, stalled by sugar rationing that began in April 1942 during World War II and did not end until June 1947.

Early national attention to trick-or-treating was given in October 1947 issues of the children's magazines Jack and Jill and Children's Activities, and by Halloween episodes of the network radio programs The Baby Snooks Show in 1946 and The Jack Benny Show and The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet in 1948. The custom had become firmly established in popular culture by1952, when Walt Disney portrayed it in the cartoon Trick or Treat, Ozzie and Harriet were besieged by trick-or- treaters on an episode of their television show, and UNICEF first conducted a national campaign for children to raise funds for the charity while trick-or-treating.

Trick-or-treating on the prairie. Although some popular histories of Halloween have characterized trick-or-treating as an adult invention to re-channel Halloween activities away from vandalism, nothing in the historical record supports this theory. To the contrary, adults, as reported in newspapers from the mid-1930s to the mid-1950s, typically saw it as a form of extortion, with reactions ranging from bemused indulgence to anger. Likewise, as portrayed on radio shows, children would have to explain what trick-or-treating was to puzzled adults, and not the other way around. Sometimes even the children protested: for Halloween 1948, members of the Madison Square Boys Club in New York City carried a parade banner that read "American Boys Don't Beg."

 




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